Author(s): Walter S. Zapotoczny Jr.
When war broke out in 1939, Hitler created 'Strafbattalion' (Penal Battalion) units to deal with incarcerated members of the Wehrmacht as well as 'subversives.' His order stated that any first-time convicted soldier could return to his unit after he had served a portion of his sentence in 'a special probation corps before the enemy.' Beginning in April 1941, convicted soldiers--even those sentenced to death--who had shown exceptional bravery or meritorious service were allowed to rejoin their original units. However those in probation units were expected to undertake dangerous operations at the front. Refusal entailed enforcement of the original sentence. The soldiers who 'win back an honorable place in the national community' had done everything that was asked of them: risky advance teams, spyware and shock troops, laying mines under enemy fire. This book examines the penal units, their combat history and order of battle.